Common Illnesses Every Parent Should Know About

Despite your child being updated on their vaccine status, they can still be susceptible to a mix of common illnesses. This is because their immune systems are still developing and are constantly exposed to other children at schools, day care, or their friends house. By ensuring that your children are properly nourished, given adequate at-home care and preventative measures, you can provide a healthy and happy developmental years for them, These listed below are the most common illnesses children face and some ways to combat if they contract any.

 

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a contagious viral infection and is often spread in daycare centers and schools. Look out for signs of fever, blisters on the buttocks, the bottom of the feet, palms, and inside of the mouth.

 

To care: Mouth blisters – encourage the consumption of cold foods like ice cream and cold drinks and avoid sour, spicy, and salty items.

Make sure to quarantine your children as hand-foot-and-mouth is contagious.

 

Prevention: As hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a viral infection, proper hygiene is most effective. Encourage good handwashing practices and avoid contact with those whom you suspect to be infected.

 

Diarrhea and vomiting

Digestive issues are unpleasant for everyone. Diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea are most commonly caused by food & drinks that have been contaminated with the rotavirus infection, E. coli, parasites, or salmonella. However, food allergies and intolerance can also be the culprit too.

 

To care: Ensure that your children are well hydrated as diarrhea and vomiting cause dehydration, which can lead to other health concerns.

Food: Plain or bland foods like porridge or toast go easy on the digestive system. Also provide further aid in recovery by adding in over-the-counter probiotics.

 

Prevention: Ensure that your children practice good hand hygiene before meals and keep potentially contaminated objects out of their mouths. Make sure your children have good clean food and drinks. If you really need it or want extra assurance, visit your doctor for a food intolerance test.

 

Flu and Cough

Flu and cough are common illnesses that children can contract and they may experience them several times a year. Check for fevers, chills, lethargy, body aches, sore throat, and coughs. The culprit of the flu is the influenza A, B, and C and it is very contagious.

 

To care: The flu usually needs to run its course, but you can make your child comfortable by allowing them plenty of rest, giving them fluids, and making them avoid having cold food and drinks. Add in warm baths or hot compresses to help with body aches.

 

Prevention: An adequate hygiene regimen and a balanced diet can help keep the flu at bay. Don’t forget to get to stay up to date with your children’s annual flu shots.

 

Fever

Fevers can be caused by various illnesses like chickenpox, flu, tonsillitis, vaccinations, and others. It is the body’s way of fighting off infections. The normal temperature of children is around 36.4oC (97.52oF) and your child may have a fever if it is higher than 38oC (100.4oF).

 

To care: Make sure that your child drinks plenty of water because high temperatures can lead to dehydration. Check their temperature every few hours. Traditionally, you may want to put a cold towel over their heads or a heavy blanket on their body. It is suggested that you don’t because this will affect the body’s natural response in fighting off illness.

 

Prevention: The prevention depends on the cause so it’s important to consult a Pediatrician for advice. Illnesses in children often leads to loss of appetite which can affect their ability to recover. Boost their recovery by providing them with a complete and balanced oral nutrition supplement. If your child’s symptoms persist, please consult a doctor or pediatrician immediately

 

Reference(s):

    1. https://abbottfamily.com.sg/articles/toddler/common-illness